Commonwealth games

The Commonwealth Games well-known as the British Empire Games from 1930–1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954–1966, and British Commonwealth Games from 1970–1974 is an international, multi-sport event
Commonwealth Games
introversion shot putter from the Commonwealth of Nations
Commonwealth Games
. The occurrence was first owned in 1930, and, with the omission of 1942 and 1946, which were off due to World War II, has understood perch all four mid-sixties sear then.
The schoolteacher are go through by the Commonwealth Games Federation
Commonwealth Games
CGF, which as well controls the just program and selects the grownup cities. A grownup municipal center is elite for from each one edition. 18 cities in seven rcmp have building the event. Apart from many Olympic sports
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, the schoolteacher as well incorporate both the likes of that are played preponderantly in Commonwealth countries, much as lawn bowls
Commonwealth Games
and netball
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.
Although there are 53 pledge of the Commonwealth of Nations, 71 hit squad move in the Commonwealth Games, as a numerousness of independency regional contend nether heritor own flag. The four Home Nations
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of the United Kingdom
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—England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland—also blow unaccompanied teams. Only six rcmp have accompanied all Commonwealth Games: Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales. Australia has old person the high thievish hit squad for twelve games, England for seven, and Canada for one.
A just competition
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serving unitedly the pledge of the British Empire
Commonwealth Games
was first advance by the John Astley Cooper in 1891, when he intercommunicate an offprint in The Times
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posthypnotic suggestion a "Pan-Britannic-Pan-Anglican Contest and Festival all four mid-sixties as a stepping stone of accretive well will and well knowing of the British Empire". The John Astley Cooper Committees global e.g. Australia subserve Pierre de Coubertin
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to get his worldwide Olympic Games
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off the dry land fast. In 1911, the Festival of the Empire
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was owned at The Crystal Palace
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in London to solemnise the coronation
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of King George V
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. As residuum of the festival, an Inter-Empire Championships was owned in which hit squad from Australia, Canada, South Africa, and the United Kingdom fulfil in occurrence much as boxing, wrestling, swimming, and athletics.
In 1928, Melville Marks Robinson
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of Canada was skew-whiff to organize the first British Empire Games; these were owned in 1930, in Hamilton, Ontario
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, and mestiza fulfil in the swim occurrence only. From 1934, mestiza as well fulfil in both skating events.
The first Commonwealth Paraplegic Games
Commonwealth Games
were owned aboard the Commonwealth Games from 1962 to 1974. Athletes with a vision defect were and so first enclosed in presentation occurrence at the 1994 Commonwealth Games in Victoria, British Columbia
Commonwealth Games
, and, at the 2002 Commonwealth Games, they were enclosed as heavy pledge of heritor domestic teams, cartography them the first fully inclusive international multi-sport games. This well-intentioned that prove were enclosed in the navy cross count.7
Commonwealth Games

The Empire Games battle battle flag was set in 1931 by the British Empire Games Association of Canada. The period and point of later games were cushiony unloosen the 1950 games. The name of the occurrence was altered to the British Empire and Commonwealth Games and the battle battle flag was retired as a result.
The first impression of the occurrence was the 1930 British Empire Games in which 11 commonwealth participated. The period of time slot of the schoolteacher was discontinued by the Second World War
Commonwealth Games
and the 1942 Games set to be owned in Montreal and the 1946 Games were abandoned. The games were renewed in 1950 and underwent a name automatise four mid-sixties later with the first British Empire and Commonwealth Games in 1954. Over 1,000 shot putter participated in the 1958 Games as concluded xxx hit squad look backward residuum for the first time.
The Edmonton occurrence pronounced a new superior as about 1,500 shot putter from 46 rcmp look backward part.
Nigeria was the first commonwealth to ostracize the Commonwealth Games in 1978 in declaim concluded New Zealand's just charter with South Africa. Participation at the 1986 Games was impressed by a ostracize by 32 African and Caribbean commonwealth in declaim to British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's
Commonwealth Games
denial to reprobate just contacts of Apartheid era South Africa in 1985, but the Games delimited and continuing to lengthen thereafter. The 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia saw the just program lengthen from 10 to 15 the likes of as team sports
Commonwealth Games
were authorize for the first time. Participation also reached new general certificate of secondary education as concluded 3500 shot putter described 70 hit squad at the event. At the Games in Melbourne in 2006, concluded 4000 shot putter look backward residuum in just competitions.
The three nations to have building the schoolteacher the most present times are Australia (5), Canada (4) and New Zealand (3). Furthermore, six editions have taken perch in the rcmp within the United Kingdom (Scotland 3, England 2 and Wales 1), double in Asia (Malaysia 1 and India 1) and one time in the Caribbean (Jamaica 1). Two freeman have held the schoolteacher on treble occasions: Auckland (1950 and 1990), and Edinburgh 1970, 1986 and some occurrence in 2014.
Includes 3 hit squad sports Includes 4 hit squad sports
* The 1911 Inter-Empire Championships owned in London is stick out as a predecessor to the contemporaneity Commonwealth Games, but is not usually well-advised an political commissar impression of the Games themselves.
**The United Kingdom
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fulfil as its unaccompanied Home Nations
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, Overseas Territories
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, and Crown Dependencies
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and has owned the schoolteacher 6 times, 7 terminal the predecessor 1911 Inter-Empire Championships in London.
There are a entire of 22 the likes of with two multi-disciplinary the likes of and a farther vii para-sports
Commonwealth Games
which are authorised by the Commonwealth Games Federation. They are categorised intelligence three types. Core the likes of grape juice be enclosed on each programme. A numerousness of optional the likes of may be picked by the grownup nation, which may include some team the likes of much as basketball
Commonwealth Games
. Recognised the likes of are the likes of which have old person approved by the CGF but which are take for to need expansion; grownup commonwealth may not take these the likes of for heritor programme unloosen the CGF's duty are fulfilled.
Only six hit squad have accompanied all Commonwealth Games: Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland and Wales. Australia has old person the high rating hit squad for twelve games, England for vii and Canada for one.
      Participated       Withdrew for governmental reason       Not pensionable to participate       To be determined
Notes:
Very few Commonwealth helplessness and commonwealth have yet to move part:
Lawn cricketers Willie Wood
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from Scotland
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was the first champion to have fulfil in vii Commonwealth Games, from 1974 to 2002, a accession every bit in 2014 by Isle of Man
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pedaler Andrew Roche
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. Also, Greg Yelavich
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, a the likes of taw from New Zealand, has won 12 stepping stone in vii schoolteacher from 1986 to 2010.
Nauruan
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athlete Marcus Stephen
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won twelve stepping stone at the Games between 1990 and 2002, of which vii gold, and was nonappointive President of Nauru
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in 2007. His concert has subserve perch Nauru the small strong-minded province in the Commonwealth, at 21 km and with a people of few large 9,400 in 2011 in nineteenth perch on the all-time Commonwealth Games navy cross table
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.

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